Buddleia (Butterfly Bush)
Buddleia (or Buddleja) is a genus of about 140 species in the family Scrophulariaceae, native to Asia, Africa and the Americas.
Most of the species are deciduous or evergreen shrubs, but a few species are trees.
Buddleia, also known as “Butterfly Bush”, produces striking flower spikes which come in a fine mixture of colors. Each flower is small, tubular and contains four petals.
Buddleia is one of the most beautiful and easiest flowers to care for. These beauties are grown for their fragrant flowers which attract many different types of butterflies throughout the growing season.
The genus was named in honor of Adam Buddle (1662–1715), a botanist from England who was responsible for introducing it into England.
The common name “Butterfly Bush” was given because the flowers are very attractive to butterflies.
Buddleia represents rebirth, resurrection and new beginning.
Interesting facts about Buddleia:
Although not invasive everywhere, Buddleia is considered an invasive plant.
It is a plant that grows quickly and spreads easily. Buddleia is easy to grow, but sometimes hard to get rid of. Once established, it will reduce or eliminate competing vegetation.
Each year a mature plant can produce up to 3 million seeds. However, many new cultivars are seedless and unlikely to reproduce.
As its name suggests, the Butterfly Bush is a magnet for all the butterflies who pass through your garden. Besides, it will attract hummingbirds, bees and insects.
Buddleia officinalis and Buddleia asiaticum are used in traditional Chinese and Korean medicine. In Chinese, the Buddleia flower is called “Mi Meng Hua” and is considered as a traditional Chinese medicinal herb.
The plants are used to treat eye problems, muscle spasms, bladder problems, headache, gonorrhoea, hepatitis and hernias.