Epimedium is a genus of about 60 species in the family Berberidaceae, native to Europe and Asia and distributed in areas around the Mediterranean Sea and Eastern Asia.
These shade-loving plants have charming, heart-shaped or arrowhead-shaped leaves and beautiful star-shaped flowers in various colors. Epimediums are long-lived perennials and good ground covers known for their toughness, strength and ability to compete with tree roots, which makes them a great choice for any shade garden.
Genus name is of unclear origin and meaning. It is believed to be a latinized version of a Greek name for a different plant – “Epimedion”.
The common name “Barrenwort” was given because the plant tolerates shade and dry soil, growing in “barren” environments. It was also believed to cause barrenness in women.
The name Bishop’s hat comes from the shape of the flower.
The common name “Horny Goat Weed” also deserves some explanation. The legend says that it got its name when a Chinese shepherd noticed that eating the plant caused his male goats to become very excitable. The plant contains the active ingredient called icariin, one of nature’s most powerful aphrodisiac compounds. Icariin is also great as a supplement for athletes and bodybuilders.
In the language of flowers, Epimedium means fertility and strength.
Interesting facts about Epimedium:
Benefits and Uses
Epimedium is a famous medicinal herb.
It has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for treating a wide variety of ailments, such as nerve pain, kidney, liver disorders, osteoporosis and sexual dysfunction. It is also included in herbal treatment for cancer in Asia.
Epimedium has been traditionally used for its aphrodisiac qualities. It was used as a male libido enhancer, and remains popular as such to this day.
These flowers come in many stunning colors, including white, red, pink, purple, yellow and orange, as well as bi-colored varieties.
Spring, Autumn, Winter, Summer
The plant can grow up to 60 cm (2 ft) in height.
Epimedium prefers rich and moist soil, with a pH between 5.5 to 7.0. However, it will adapt to a wide range of conditions and survive in nearly any shady location.