Viola is a genus of over 500 species in the family Violaceae. They can be found all over the world, but most of them are in the temperate areas of the Northern Hemisphere.
Violas are one of the most popular flowers, well known for their charming fragrant blooms and heart shaped leaves. They are suitable for the front of borders and beds, as well as in containers.
The common name “Violet” is derived from the Latin “viola”, which means “violet flower” or “violet color”.
In the Middle Ages, Monks called them the “Herb of the Trinity” because of their three primary colors – purple, yellow and green.
Violet flower symbolizes innocence, modesty and true, everlasting love.
It can also symbolize faith, spirituality, mysticism and remembrance.
In Christianity, Violet flower symbolizes the Virgin Mary’s humility.
It is believed that these flowers blossomed when the angel Gabriel told Mary that Jesus would be her baby.
Interesting facts about Viola
Different Types of Violets
Viola genus has over 500 species categorized under it. Some species are more popular due to aesthetic reasons, while others are popular because of their aroma or health benefits.
Although every variety shares several similarities and properties, some species are more popular than others due to their features.
Viola tricolor, also known as Johnny Jump Up, is the most popular species in the genus.
Johnny Jump Ups are popular ornamentals due to their showy multicolored flowers. They are annuals or short-lived perennials, and are native to Eurasia.
This beautiful flower has inspired many artists throughout history. It is one of the plants that William Shakespeare referenced in his plays.
Violet Flower – Benefits and Uses
Violets have had many uses throughout history.
Greeks and Romans used Violets at funerals, while Persians used them to calm anger and to heal headache.
In Ancient Rome, they made wine from Violet flowers which was very popular and wanted. Romans believed that these flowers could prevent drunkenness.
These plants are medicinal. They contain antioxidants and are good as diuretic and anti-inflammatory. It’s also worth to mention that Viola is rich in vitamin C, which aids the immune system.
The plant is sometimes used as a laxative for infants and children. Violet tea has also been used as a headache remedy.
Violets are often used in the perfume industry.
The perfume named “Roger et Gallet Vera Violetta”, which dates back in 1895, was the first modern Violet perfume.
In culinary, Violas are used to decorate salads, but some species can also be cooked.
They are considered a leafy vegetable and may be an underrated food resource.
Viola Plant Data
Annuals, Perennials, Shrubs
As their name suggests, many species are violet in color, but can also be blue, white, yellow and cream. Some blooms have two or even three colors.
Spring, Autumn, Winter, Summer
Violas are small plants up to 20 cm (8 inches) tall.
They prefer rich, moist and well drained soil. The ideal pH range is between 5.0 and 6.0.