Jasminum, commonly called Jasmine, is a genus of about 200 species in the family Oleaceae, native to tropical and subtropical climates of Eurasia, Australasia and Oceania.
Jasmine is a climbing, deciduous shrub that is grown mainly for its star-shaped, fragrant flowers. The flowers are white in most species, with some species being yellow. It’s a very popular flower, especially because of its unique, strong and sweet fragrance. It is great for any garden or landscape.
Name is derived from the Persian word “Yasameen”, which means “Gift from God”.
Jasmine symbolises love and romance.
It also symbolizes friendliness, modesty and simplicity.
Interesting facts about Jasminum:
Jasmine as a National Symbol
Jasmine is thenational flower of Syria. However, it is considered as the unofficial national flower of Syria. Syrian people consider it as their national flower, although the government of Syria has not yet officially declared any flower as the national flower of the country.
Furthermore, Jasmine is the national flower of Pakistan. This plant is quite abundant in Pakistan. The white color of Jasmine represents wisdom and peace.
It is also the national flower of Indonesia, Philippines and Tunisia.
Benefits and Uses
Jasmine tea is recognized for its unique flavor and scent. The flavor of jasmine tea is exotic, subtly sweet and highly fragrant.
It prevents cancer, improves the digestive process, reduces the risk of heart attack and lowers cholesterol levels.
Some species of Jasmine, such as Jasminum grandiflorum and Jasminum officinale, are used for oil production.
Jasmine oil is a popular natural remedy, which acts as an antidepressant, antiseptic and aphrodisiac. It is a romantic and mood-boosting oil that help maintain healthy and beautiful skin.
Jasmine oil is widely used as a preferred odor in aromatherapy because of its calming and relaxing effect. It has been used in aromatherapy since the time of the ancient Greeks and Egyptians.
Jasmine oil is often used as a perfume due to its sweet and strong scent.
Bouquets of Jasmine are used to celebrate special ceremonies and occasions.
Most of the Jasmine species bear white or pale yellow flowers.
Growing approximately 30-60 cm (1-2 ft) per year, Jasmines can reach 150 cm (5 ft) tall as a shrub and over 10 m (33 ft) as a vine.
Jasmine likes fertile and moist, but well drained soil. The ideal soil pH is between 6.0 and 7.5.