Syringa, better known as Lilac, is a genus of about 20 species of deciduous shrubs or trees in the olive family (Oleaceae), native to Eurasia.
Lilacs are one of the best known spring-flowering plants. They produce incredibly fragrant, tubular flowers which capture the essence of spring. Lilacs come in different shapes, sizes and colors, encouraging everyone to admire them and use them in different ways.
The genus name comes from the Greek word “syrinx”, which means “tube” or “pipe”, in reference to the hollow branches of the species Syringa vulgaris.
Lilac has many meanings, but it is often used as an expression of love.
Lilacs also symbolize rebirth, innocence, wisdom and remembrance.
Interesting facts about Syringa:
The Legend of Syringa
According to Greek mythology, a beautiful nymph named Syringa was chased by the god of the forests and fields, Pan. She escaped him by turning herself into a wonderful flower – Lilac.
Benefits and Uses
Lilacs have been used medicinally for centuries to treat fever, malaria, skin infections, sunburns, rashes, cuts and scrapes.
Aside from aromatherapy, the medical use of these flowers is no longer commonly practised.
The Lilac flowers are edible so they can be used as food. You can add them in salads, cakes, cookies and other dishes.
Because of their wonderful, subtle fragrance, Lilacs have been used as ingredient in perfumes and cosmetics.
Native Americans used their branches to make arrows, pipes and combs.
In some cultures, it is believed that Lilacs have magical properties that can drive away negative energy and evil.
Throughout history, this flower have been a source of inspiration for many artists, such as Vincent van Gogh, Claude Monet, Walt Whitman and many others.
Although they get their common name from their most popular color, Lilacs can also be found in other colors such as blue, red, pink, white and yellow.
The species range in size from 2 to 10 metres (7 to 33 ft) high, depending on species.
Lilacs prefer fertile, moist, but well drained soil. The ideal soil pH for growing Lilacs is neutral to alkaline.