Myrtus is a genus of three species in the family Myrtaceae – Myrtus Communis, Myrtus Nivellei and Myrtus phillyreifolia, all native to Mediterranean, northern Africa and western Asia. These shrubs or small trees produce small, aromatic, glossy leaves and beautiful white flowers on short flower stalks in spring and summer. The flowers are usually small and contain five sepals and five petals. This popular plant is cultivated in ornamental purposes and as a source of aromatic oils.
The genus name comes from the ancient Greek word “myrtos”, which means the Myrtle tree or the sprig.
Myrtus symbolize love, joy and remembrance.
This flower is also a symbol of innocence, purity, good luck and prosperity.
Interesting facts about Myrtus
Benefits and Uses
Myrtle has been used medicinally for thousands of years for treating bacterial infections, acne, wounds, gum infections and hemorrhoids, urinary infections and digestive problems. It has also been used to relieving cough and respiratory illnesses.
Myrtle essential oil is used for respiratory health and is antibacterial, antifungal and antiseptic. It can also be applied during aromatherapy.
Myrtle is a useful culinary ingredient because its leaves and fruit contain a unique combination of organic compounds and nutrients.
Dried flowers, leaves and fruits are used to flavor foods or addition to salad.
In the islands of Sardinia, Corsica and Capraia, myrtle leaves and berries are used to make liqueur.
Myrtle is also used in perfumery, soaps and skin-care products.
This plant is well known for their place in mythology and magic.
Myrtus Plant Data
The flowers are most commonly white.
Myrtle grows up to 6 metres (20 ft) in height.
Myrtle likes moist and well drained soil. The ideal pH value is between 6.0 and 8.0.