Tropaeolum, also known as Nasturtium, is a genus of about 70 species in the family Tropaeolaceae, native to Central and South America.
These plants have flowers that are usually funnel-shaped, five-petaled, bright colored and fragrant. They need little care and are always there to please you with their charming appearance!
The genus name comes from the Latin word “tropaeum”, which means “trophy” or “monument”.
The common name “Nasturtium” is derived from the Latin meaning “nose-twister” or “nose-tweaker”, in reference to the smell of these plants.
Nasturtium is a symbol of victory and success.
Interesting facts about Tropaeolum
Benefits and Uses
Nasturtium has been used for its medicinal properties.
It has antibacterial, antifungal, antiseptic, aperient, depurative, diuretic and antibiotic properties. It has been used to treat many illnesses and conditions such as sore throats, coughs, colds, scurvy and muscular pain, as well as bacterial and fungal infections. It has also been used to treat baldness.
Nasturtium leaves and flowers are edible and have a peppery taste, similar to that of watercress. They can be used in salads or soups and as garnishes.
Its seeds have a similar taste and texture to capers and are a great alternative to capers. Capers are immature flower buds of the caper bush (Capparis spinosa or Capparis inermis) and many people associate them with Mediterranean cuisine. The seeds of Nasturtium were used as an alternative to pepper during World War II.
This plant contains high levels of Vitamin A, Vitamin C and Vitamin D. It also contains high amounts of manganese, iron and carotenoids.
Nasturtium is cultivated worldwide as an ornamental plant.
Tropaeolum Plant Data
Nasturtium comes in red, orange, yellow, purple and cream colors.
Spring, Autumn, Summer
Nasturtium vary in height from 20 cm (8 inches) to 3 metres (10 ft), depending on species.
The plant is suitable for sandy and loamy soils with a pH between 5.5 and 7.5. It also grows in nutritionally poor soil.