Geum is a genus of about 50 species in the family Rosaceae, widely distributed across the temperate regions of the world.
Geum is a wonderful versatile plant that blooms in spring and summer. Also known as Avens, this perennial produces beautiful single or double flowers in a wide range of colors. The vibrant, brightly colored blooms are held above the foliage on erect, wiry stems, giving them a delicate, airy appearance. Geums are suitable for borders and rock gardens, but can be grown in containers as well. They are excellent in potted arrangements and make great cut flowers.
The scientific name was derived from the Greek word “geno”, which means “to give off a pleasant fragrance”, because the roots have a clove-like aroma.
The common name “Avens” may come from the Latin word “avencia”, meaning “a kind of clover”.
Geum is a symbol of purity.
Interesting facts about Geum
Wood Avens (Geum urbanum)
Geum urbanum, also known as Wood Avens or Herb Bennet, was commonly used for its medicinal properties. All parts of the plant, but especially the root, are antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, astringent, febrifuge, sudorific, stomachic, diaphoretic, styptic and tonic. The plant is used to treat various ailments such as diarrhoea, digestive weakness, sore throat, fever, menstrual complaints, haemorrhoids, skin inflammations, liver problems, nausea and vomiting.
You can use the root of the plant to make tea. The herbal tea is mainly used against digestive problems, and even though it does not taste that good, it certainly has its uses.
In former times, the plant was a useful ingredient in the kitchen. Today, Geum urbanum is sometimes used as a spice. The root of the plant is used as a substitute for clove. The root is small and with a clove-like aroma when fresh.
Geum Plant Data
Geum comes in various colors including white, yellow, orange, pink and red.
The plant grows up to 60 cm (2 ft) tall.
Geums prefer rich, moist and well drained soil, with a pH level between 5.5 and 7.0.