The name is derived from the Greek “krokos” (which means “saffron” and it is also the name for the stigmas of one species) and from the Latin “crocatus” (which means “saffron yellow”).
Crocus symbolizes youth, cheerfulness and gladness.
Crocus sativus, commonly called Saffron Crocus, is a perennial herb that blooms in autumn. It is native to Greece and Southwest Asia. The plant is cultivated for the production of the spice saffron, especially in Iran, and it is known to have numerous medicinal properties.
It is a famous medicinal herb with a long history of effective use. Saffron acts as an antioxidant, sedative, an immune system booster and is also known as an anti-carcinogenic.
The plant is the source of the spice saffron, which is made from dried stigmas of the plant. Saffron is one of the world’s most expensive spices widely used in the cuisine of many European and Asian countries.
Crocus sativus is also used in cosmetics and in perfumes.
Saffron-based pigments adorned the Prehistoric caves. 50000 year old depictions of prehistoric beasts have been found in todays Iraq (north-west of Persian Empire).