Gladiolus (Gladiola; Sword lily)
Gladiolus, called the sword lily for its upright, flower-studded stalk, is a genus of around 300 species in the family of Iridaceae. Most of them are native to sub-Saharan Africa and around 10 species are native to Eurasia. Gladiolus is an easy to grow flower. With its narrow, blade-shaped leaves and attractive fragrant flowers, this perennial is perfect for a garden and as a cut flower for bouquets.
The name comes from the Latin “gladiolus”, which means “small sword”, referring to the shape of the leaves.
In Ancient Greek, gladiolus was called “xiphium”, from the Greek word “xiphos”, which also means sword.
Because of its shape, Gladiolus symbolizes strength, strong character, honor and moral integrity.
It also stands for remembrance and faithfulness.
Gladiolus can signify infatuation and romantic intent, telling the receiver that she or he pierces the heart.
Interesting facts about Gladiolus:
Gladiolus were recognized over 2000 years ago.
Roman Gladiators, an armed combatants who fight other gladiators or animals in the Roman amphitheatres, wore gladiolus around their necks during battles to protect them.
In history, gladiolus have been used for medicinal purposes to draw out splinters and thorns or to treat colic.
Gladiolus bulbs are not true bulbs. Botanically, they are referred to as corms.