Tigridia is a genus of about 35 species of bulbous plants in the family Iridaceae, native to subtropical and tropical America.
These eye-catching plants have interesting and unusual shape. They produce attractive sword-like leaves and large, showy, three-petaled flowers in a variety of colors. There is no doubt that Tigridia is one of the most spectacular plant in the summer garden!
The genus name comes from the word “tigris”, which means “tiger” in Greek and refers to the spots on the flowers which look like tiger spots.
Tigridia represents cruelty.
Interesting facts about Tigridia:
Tigridia was cultivated by the Aztecs more than 1000 years ago.
Today, many species are cultivated for their brightly colored flowers and many of these have been bred to be used as ornamentals. The most popular species is Tigridia pavonia, whose cultivation is the same as that of the Gladiolus.
Benefits and Uses
Tigridia pavonia was used by the Aztecs as a medicine to treat infertility.
Some species are edible and have been eaten by Mexican tribes for centuries.
For example, Tigridia pavonia was grown by the Aztecs for its edible purposes. The bulbs were used as a food source and were known as “cacomitl”.
The flowers may be red, yellow, white, cream, orange, scarlet, pink and mauve.
These plants usually grow between 30 and 60 cm (1-2 ft) tall.
Tigridia performs best in rich and well drained soils. It is not too fussy when it comes to soil pH.