Narcissus is a genus of of bulbous perennials in the Amaryllidaceae family, native to Europe, Asia and North Africa. There are between 40 and 200 species, subspecies and varieties.
Narcissus plants are usually white or yellow, with six petals (technically, “tepals” or “perianth segments”) and a trumpet-shape central corona.
Narcissus is one of the most popular flowers in the world, mainly due to the well-known myth.
According to Greek Mythology, Narcissus (from Latin: “narcissus”; and from Greek: “narkissos”, associated with Greek: “narke”, which means “numbness“ because of the sedative effect of the plant), a hunter who was known for his beauty, loved himself so much he disdained everyone who fell in love with him. His Nemesis attracted him to a pool, where he saw his own reflection in the water. After that, he fell in love with his own reflection and stared at himself till the end of his life, unable to leave the beauty of his reflection.
Aside from its negative symbolic connotations due to the association with narcissism, Narcissus symbolizes rebirth and renewal.
It symbolizes a new beginning because it’s one of the earliest bulbs to appear.
According to Chinese sayings, if a bulb is forced to bloom during the New Year, it will bring good luck to your home.
The Daffodil is one of the national symbols of Wales, associated with St. Davids Day.
In the Kurdish culture, the Narcissus symbolises the new year of Newroz.
In various cancer charities around the world a Daffodil emblem is used as a symbol.
Interesting facts about Narcissus:
The most common Narcissus species growing throughout America today were brought over from Europe by the early colonists.
The Narcissus has inspired artists all over the world for at least 2000 years, and has had a big influence on the culture.
Narcissi are associated with a number of themes in different cultures, perceived as a symbol of birth, spring, vanity, wealth and death.
The Narcissus was known to the ancient Greeks. It was also mentioned in Greek literature.
The Romans used the roots of Narcissus to dispense diseases that occurred in any part of the body.
In psychology, the term “Narcissism” is used to describe a personality disorder in which people have an inflated sense of their own importance and a deep need for excessive attention and admiration.
These flowers are usually white and yellow.
Dwarf species can reach a height of 10 cm (4 inches), while some species can grow to 80 cm (3 ft) tall.
These plants prefer rich and moist, but well-drained soil and will grow best in soil that is neutral to slightly acidic (pH of 6.0 - 7.0).