Achillea, commonly known as Yarrow, is a genus of more than 100 species of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, native to Europe, Asia and North America.
These aromatic and hardy perennials are widely known for their feathery, ferny and grey-green foliage and flattened flower clusters in variety of colors. They are popular as edging plants and in rock gardens, beds and borders.
The genus was named after the ancient Greek hero Achilles. According to legend, Achilles used Yarrow to treat his and his soldier’s wounds during the Trojan War.
The common name “Yarrow” generally refers to the Achillea millefolium, but may also be used for other species within the Achillea genus.
Yarrow is a symbol of healing and protection, but can also represent success and good luck.
Achillea has been used as a medicinal plant for many thousand of years. It is one of the world’s oldest medicinal plants used by Neanderthals, in Chinese medicine, in Native American medicine, as well as in Ancient Greece. It is one of the most versatile healing plants used today to treat wounds, cold, flu, fever, cramps, to regulate the menses and for skin infections and irritations. The plant has also been used to reduce symptoms of certain brain disorders including multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, encephalomyelitis, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases. It also helps fight digestive issues such as ulcers and stomach pain.
Throughout history, Achillea was used in religious or ritual purposes against negative energy and evil. It was used as an amulet or talisman to fight demons or to exorcise evil from a person.
Achillea Plant Data
Yarrow comes in a wide range of colors including white, cream, yellow, purple, orange, pink and red.
This plant usually grows between 30 and 90 cm (1 to 3 ft) in height.
Achillea will grow best in well drained soil, with a pH between 5.5 and 7.0.