Vinca, also known as Periwinkle, is a genus of 6 species of herbaceous perennials or evergreen shrubs in the family Apocynaceae, native to Europe, northwest Africa and Middle East.
These easy-to-care plants are grown for their glossy, dark green foliage and eye-catching, unique pinwheel-shaped flowers. Vinca is great for beds, borders and as ground cover.
The genus name comes from the Latin word “vincire”, which means “to bind, fetter”, based on its trailing habit.
Vinca symbolizes benevolence, nostalgia and purity.
The plant was also a religious symbol in the Middle Ages, tied to the Virgin Mary.
Interesting facts about Vinca:
Vinca in Christianity
In Christianity, Vinca is known as the “Virgin flower” and is associated with the Virgin Mary.
The blue Periwinkle represents the heavenly nature of the Virgin Mary, who is usually depicted wearing blue.
Benefits and Uses
Vinca has been used in medicine to treat colds, coughs, sore throat and diabetes.
It was also used to heal eye and lung infections.
Vinca comes in shades of pink, purple, red and white.
Vinca range in size from dwarf species that grow only about 10 cm (4 inches) tall to the larger types which can grow up to 60 cm (2 ft) in height.
Vinca prefers moist, but well drained soil and is adaptable to soils of various pHs.