Ajuga is a genus of about 70 species in the family Lamiaceae, native to Europe, Africa and western Asia. They are mostly perennials, but some are annuals.
Ajuga plants have shiny, rounded evergreen leaves and erect stems with small, but attractive flowers. Once established, this shade-loving plant spreads quickly, making it an ideal groundcover plant for areas with part or full shade.
The genus name was derived from the Latin word “Abija”, which might have been a variant of the term “abigo” meaning “to drive away”. The name refers to the medicinal properties of the plant.
The scientific name of this plant is Ajuga, but it’s also known as “Bugleweed” because its flowers look like bugles. This common name usually refers to Ajuga reptans, though it may also be applied to the whole genus.
Ajuga symbolizes cheerfulness due to its striking appearance.
Interesting facts about Ajuga
Benefits and Uses
Ajuga has been used as a natural remedy for cough, respiratory disorders, hormonal disorders, nosebleeds, heavy menstrual bleeding, anxiety, sleeplessness, hyperthyroidism, tuberculosis and heart palpitations.
Is Ajuga invasive?
Ajuga species, especially Ajuga reptans, can be invasive and run rampant. These plants tend to escape their boundaries and spread through many areas.
Ajuga Plant Data
The flowers are usually blue, purple and white.
These plants can grow up to 30 cm (1 ft) tall.
The plant grows best in moist and well drained soil, with a pH between 4.0 to 6.5. However, it can handle drought and dry soils.