Ajuga is a genus of about 70 species in the family Lamiaceae, native to Europe, Africa and western Asia. They are mostly perennials, but some are annuals.
Ajuga plants have shiny, rounded evergreen leaves and erect stems with small, but attractive flowers. Once established, the plant spreads quickly, making it an ideal ground cover plant for areas with part or full shade.
The genus name was derived from the Latin word “Abija”, which might have been a variant of the term “abigo”, meaning “to drive away”. The name refers to the medicinal properties of the plant.
Ajuga symbolizes cheerfulness.
Interesting facts about Ajuga:
Benefits and Uses
Ajuga has been used as a natural remedy for cough, respiratory disorders, hormonal disorders, nosebleeds, heavy menstrual bleeding, anxiety, sleeplessness, hyperthyroidism, tuberculosis and heart palpitations.
Is Ajuga invasive?
The plants, especially Ajuga reptans, can be invasive and run rampant. The plant tends to escape its boundaries and spread through many areas.
The flowers are usually blue, purple and white.
These plants can grow up to 30 cm (1 ft) tall.
The plant grows best in moist and well drained soil, with a pH between 4.0 to 6.5. However, it can handle drought and dry soils.