Clerodendrum is a large genus of more that 300 species of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae, native to tropical and subtropical areas of the world. The genus includes shrubs, trees and climbers.
These plants come in various sizes, shapes and colors. They usually have large leaves and showy, brightly colored flowers that are fragrant in some species. Many species are cultivated for their colorful fruits and beautiful flowers that emerge in clusters. They make a great feature when planted in flower beds or borders.
The genus name is derived from the Greek words “kleros”, meaning “chance” or “fate“, and “dendron”, which means “tree”, in reference to the doubtful medicinal properties of the plant.
Clerodendrum represents success, dignity and good luck.
Interesting facts about Clerodendrum:
The genus was transferred from the family Verbenaceae to the family Lamiaceae in the 1990s, making it related to other garden plants like Mint (Mentha), Lavender (Lavandula) and Sage (Salvia).
Benefits and Uses
Some species have been used in folk medicine for the treatment of various diseases such as cold, cough, fever, asthma, rheumatism, dysentery, toothache, leprosy, skin problems and anorexia.
The plant is often grown as an ornamental.
Clerodendrum bungei, commonly known as Rose Glory Bower, is widely grown in gardens as an ornamental, valued for its brightly colored and sweet scented flowers. Clerodendrum thomsoniae (Bleeding Heart Vine) is another popular ornamental species which provides showy white flowers with dark red corollas that resemble the bleeding heart.
Climbers, Shrubs, Trees
The flowers come in various colors including red, purple, orange, pink, yellow, cream and white.
Spring, Autumn, Winter, Summer
The plant usually grows from 90 cm (3 ft) to 12 m (40 ft) tall. Some species, such as Clerodendrum loribundum, can grow to 30 m (98 ft) in height.
Clerodendrum likes fertile, moist and well-drained soil, but is tolerant of most soil types. It is not particular as to soil pH.