Salvia is a genus of about 1000 species of annual or perennial herbs and shrubs, distributed throughout the world, from Central and South America to Central Asia and Mediterranean Europe. It is the largest genus of plants in the family Lamiaceae.
Salvia, commonly known as Sage, has colorful, slender, tubular-shaped and nectar-rich flowers and often aromatic leaves. It is perfect for bedding, borders and containers and it is great for bringing butterflies and hummingbirds to your garden.
The name Salvia is derived from the Latin word “salvere”, which means “health; heal; to feel well and healthy”, as the plant is known for its healing properties.
Salvia means thoughtfulness, longevity, wisdom and good health.
Interesting facts about Salvia:
Benefits and Uses
From the ancient times up to the late Middle Ages, Salvia has a long history of medical use and it has always been a very important addition to the medicinal arsenal. It is especially rich in anti-inflammatory and antioxidant compounds.
Salvia was used to treat sore-throat, headaches, rheumatism, diarrhea, anemia and as an aid to digestion. It can also neutralize microbes that promote dental plaque. Salvia officinalis, also known as Common sage was used to reduce menopause symptoms. Salvia is now being examined closely for the value of the natural estrogens it contains.
The plant has many ways of consumption like chewing and smoking, but Sage tea is the most popular method of administering the herb.
Some varieties are thought to be safe and are used in culinary traditions all over the world.
Salvia divinorum, native to Oaxaca, Mexico, is used in performing rituals for curing people and it is also well known as a psychoactive plant, having highly hallucinogenic properties.
Salvia divinorum is legal in most cases, while in some countries there is some form of control.
The plant is used in smudge sticks for purification and religious ceremonies. It is thought that the smoke will remove any negative energy around.
Smudging is the ancient tribal tradition of burning the dried plant or plants to create harmony and spiritual peace. It is an important ritual for many indigenous people. The most common plant used for smudging is Salvia, specifically Salvia apiana, commonly known as White Sage. Some believe the only proper smudge stick is made from Salvia.
Annuals, Perennials, Shrubs
Salvia blooms in a range of colors, from traditional dark blue to light blue, red, pink, and white.
Spring, Autumn, Winter, Summer
Salvia grows from 30 cm to 180 cm (1 to 6 ft) tall, depending on species.
Salvia grows best in moist, but well drained soil, with a pH level between 6.0 and 7.0.