Chrysanthemum is a genus of about40 species of perennials native to Asia and Europe, which belongs to the Asteraceae family.
Chrysanthemum is one of the most popular flowers in the world. It comes in various shapes, sizes and colors and produces wonderful flowers that bloom in summer and autumn. The plant is ideal for growing in beds and pots.
The genus name was derived from the Greek words “chrysos”(gold) and “anthemon” (flower).
Chrysanthemums have different meanings across cultures and religions.
They symbolize fidelity, friendship, modesty, loyalty, sadness, devotion, cheerfulness, longevity and good spirits.
They can also symbolize happiness, joy and beauty.
Some cultures recognize Chrysanthemum as a symbol of death.
Interesting facts about Chrysanthemum
Chrysanthemums in Different Cultures
Chrysanthemum is the national flower of Japan. The flower, called “kiku”, has significant value in Japanese culture and usually symbolizes longevity. The plant was first introduced to Japan in the 8th century. Today, Chrysanthemum is celebrated in art, festivals and home displays. The flower can be seen on coins, Japanese passport, cloths and many other accessories. Chrysanthemum is the Imperial Family Emblem. The Imperial Chrysanthemum Seal, also called the Chrysanthemum Seal, has 16 petals and represents the authority of the Emperor. White Chrysanthemum is a traditional funeral flower in Japan so be careful when you choose the color of the flower.
It is the official flower for Mother’s Day in Australia. The plant is gifted to mums on Mother’s Day.
Chrysanthemum is also a unique symbol of Chinese culture and has 3000 history in China. The chrysanthemum is one of the “Four Gentlemen” of China. In Confucian philosophy the term Gentleman means a noble man or an ideal man, a person whose humane conduct makes him a moral exemplar. This concept of the superior man is known as “junzi”. The Four Gentlemen, also called the Four Noble Ones, refers to the four different plants: the Plum Blossoms, the Orchids, the Bamboo and the Chrysanthemums. Each flower symbolizes a specific quality or idea and the Chrysanthemum symbolizes autumn, as well as modesty and loyalty.
Benefits and Uses
Chrysanthemums have a long history of medicinal use. They have been used as a remedy for chest pain, headaches and diabetes. The plant has also been known to reduce high blood pressure and fever.
Chrysanthemums are one of the longest lasting cut flowers. They will look great in a vase for over two weeks.
Some species, such as Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium, act as natural insecticides.
In many countries, Chrysanthemums are associated with funerals and are traditionally used in funeral floral arrangements.
The plant can also help reduce air pollution. It is good at removing common toxins such as formaldehyde, benzene and xylene, as well as ammonia.
Chrysanthemum Plant Data
The flowers come in a rainbow of colors, but the most common are red, yellow, white and purple.
Chrysanthemums range in size from 30 cm (1 ft) to 120 cm (4 ft).
The plant likes moist and well drained soil. The optimal soil pH is between 6.0 and 7.0.