Chrysanthemum is a genus of about40 species of perennials native to Asia and Europe, which belongs to the Asteraceae family.
Chrysanthemum is one of the most popular flowers in the world. It comes in various shapes, sizes and colors, and produces wonderful flowers that bloom in summer and autumn. This plant is ideal for growing in beds and pots. It’s a popular autumn flower that can withstand even the harshest conditions and still remain strong and beautiful.
The genus name was derived from the Greek words “chrysos”(gold) and “anthemon” (flower).
Chrysanthemums have different meanings across cultures and religions. They symbolize fidelity, friendship, modesty, loyalty, sadness, devotion, cheerfulness, longevity and good spirits, but can also mean happiness, joy and beauty.
Some cultures recognize Chrysanthemum as a symbol of death.
Interesting facts about Chrysanthemum
Chrysanthemums in Different Cultures
Throughout history, various cultures have recognized the beauty and value of this incredible flower. Chrysanthemums are one of the most culturally significant flowers in the world, and each culture has its own tradition.
Chrysanthemum: The Unofficial National Flower of Japan
The Japanese government has not yet recognized the national flower of Japan, but many believe that Chrysanthemums and Cherry Blossoms are the unofficial national flowers of the country.
Chrysanthemum, also known as “Kiku” in Japan, has significant value in Japanese culture and usually symbolizes longevity. The plant was first introduced to Japan in the 8th century. Today, Chrysanthemum is celebrated in art, festivals and home displays, and can be seen on coins, Japanese passports, clothes and many other accessories. In Japan, this flower is closely associated with the authorities, serving as the Imperial Family Emblem. The Imperial Chrysanthemum Seal, also called the Chrysanthemum Seal, has 16 petals and represents the authority of the Emperor. It’s also worth mentioning that white Chrysanthemum is a traditional funeral flower in Japan, symbolizing death, truth and grief.
Chrysanthemums in Chinese Culture
Chrysanthemum is a unique symbol of Chinese culture, with a 3000-year history in China. The chrysanthemum is one of the “Four Gentlemen” of China. In Confucian philosophy, the term Gentleman means a noble man or an ideal man, a person whose human conduct makes him a moral exemplar. This concept of the superior man is known as “junzi”. The Four Gentlemen, also called the Four Noble Ones, refers to the four different plants: the Plum Blossoms, the Orchids, the Bamboo and the Chrysanthemums. Each flower symbolizes a specific quality or idea and the Chrysanthemum symbolizes autumn, as well as modesty and loyalty.
Chrysanthemum: The Popular Mother’s Day Flower in Australia
The tradition of giving Mother’s Day flowers has its roots in the United States where the practice began in the early 19th century, and many countries have followed this tradition including Australia. The tradition of giving gifts on Mother’s Day in Australia was started by Janet Heyden, who launched a campaign in 1924 sending gifts and honoring mothers struggling with loneliness.
To this day, Chrysanthemum is the official flower for Mother’s Day in Australia. These flowers bloom in May just in time to celebrate Mother’s Day!
Benefits and Uses
Chrysanthemums have a long history of medicinal use. They have been used as a remedy for chest pain, headaches and diabetes. The plant has also been known to reduce high blood pressure and fever.
Chrysanthemums are one of the longest lasting cut flowers. They will look great in a vase for over two weeks.
Some species, such as Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium, act as natural insecticides.
In many countries, Chrysanthemums are associated with funerals and are traditionally used in funeral floral arrangements.
This plant can also help reduce air pollution. It is good at removing common toxins such as formaldehyde, benzene and xylene, as well as ammonia.
Chrysanthemum Plant Data
The flowers come in a rainbow of colors, but the most common are red, yellow, white and purple.
Chrysanthemums range in size from 30 cm (1 ft) to 120 cm (4 ft).
The plant likes moist and well drained soil. The optimal soil pH is between 6.0 and 7.0.